Just like The Photoelectric Effect, The Endothermic Electric Effect is parameter based.
Parameters of the system engaged are:
This reaction in the system is due to the Photoelectric Effect taking place.
If we start with Einstein’s photoelectric effect formula:
h ν = φ + K.E.
E photon= φ ion + KE electron
We will now substitute this into the battery system format,
In this scenario,
hv = EMF input
The work done φ ion = φ ion+
KE electron = I lithium e-
EMF input = φ ion + KE electron + I supply electrons e-
EMF input = φ ion+ + I lithium e- + I supply electrons e- (Equation 8)